Esox lucius | Pike



Native status

Pike was long believed to be a non-native species introduced into Ireland. However, a report by Pedreschi et al.  in 2014, surmised that there may be both native and non-native Pike in Ireland (Pedreschi et al., 2014).  However, these findings were disputed in a presentation to the Scientific Panel of Inland Fisheries Ireland in 2017 (Sullivan, 2017). 

First reported in the wild

16th century


Non-native species - Low risk of Impact

Irish status


Invasive score


Species Biology

Broad environment


Species group



World distribution(GBIF)

Temporal change

Records submitted to Data Centre in 2021

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Bean, C. W., Winfield, I.J. (2006). Habitat use and activity patterns of roach (Rutilus rutilus (L.)), rudd (Scardinius erythrophthalmus (L.)), perch (Perca fluviatilis L.) and pike (Esox lucius L.) in the laboratory: the role of predation threat and structural complexity. Ecology of Freshwater Fish. 4, 1: PP 37-46.

King, J.L., Marnell, F., Kingston, N., Rosell, R., Boylan, P., Caffrey, J.M., FitzPatrick, Ú., Gargan, P.G., Kelly, F.L., O’Grady, M.F., Poole, R., Roche, W.K.,Cassidy, D. (2011). Ireland Red List No. 5: Amphibians, Reptiles & Freshwater Fish.

Fitzmaurice, P. (1984). The effects of freshwater fish introductions into Ireland. EIFAC (European Inland Fisheries Advisory Commission) Technical Paper. 42

Pedreschi, D.  et al. Genetic structure of pike (Esox lucius) reveals a complex and previously unrecognised colonization history of Ireland. 

O’Sullivan, R. (2017). THE NORTHERN PIKE (Esox lucius) PRESENT PAST & FUTURE by Dr. Roderick O'Sullivan.  A presentation to the Scientific Panel of Inland Fisheries Ireland.  Dublin 13 September 2017.