Taxonomy

Juniperus communis | Juniper | Aiteal

Distribution

Status

Conservation status

Not protected

Native status

Native

Species Biology

Identification

Flowers: May-June; small yellow or green flowers

Fruits: Fleshy black cones when mature, resembling berries       

Twigs & bark: Evergreen, twigs pale brown; bark reddish brown 

Habitat

Limestone pavement, heaths, lakeshores, acidic to basic soils

Life cycle

Perennial

Ex-situ conservation

Not known

Use

Food crop

Vegetative nature

Woody

Distribution

World distribution(GBIF)

Irish distribution

Occasional, mainly in west and north.

Temporal change

Records submitted to Data Centre in 2020

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Further information

Juniper has an extensive native range. It is the only circumpolar conifer in the northern hemisphere. It is found in a wide variety of conditions from poor acid heaths to calcareous rocky slopes. The berries are tradionally used to flavour game and alcholic drink such as gin. The word "gin" derives from an old french word meaning "juniper'.