Arum maculatum | Lords-and-Ladies | Cluas chaoin
First reported in the wild
NAPRA Ireland risk assessed
- Flowers in April and May
- All parts of this plant are extremely poisonous
- First to emerge are the dark green, glossy, arrow-shaped
leaves which can be spotted from January
- The flowers are tiny. They occur in a dense brown-purple spike (spadix) which is enclosed in a sheath (spathe). The spathe is pale green with purple margins and forms a hood at the top.
After pollination, green berries appear on the spadix. These gradually turn to bright red
Adult habitat & habits
Found in shady hedges and woodland
Irish reference specimens
Pathway and vector description
Distribution frequency in Ireland
Records submitted to Data Centre in 2021
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How can you help
This species is included in our spring flowering plants project. If you see the species please submit your sighting. All information is very valuable.
- Common Dog-violet
- Early Dog-violet
- Early-purple Orchid
- Lady’s smock (Cuckooflower)
- Lesser Celandine
- Lords-and Ladies
- Wild Garlic
- Winter Heliotrope
- Wood Anemone
- Wood Sorrel
This species is included in the spring flowering plants project which is a collaboration between the National Biodiversity Data Centre and the BSBI. It is hoped we can collect valuable data to improve our knowledge of the current distribution of some common plants. All data will be fully validated by both partners before loading to Biodiversity Maps and being made available to the BSBI.