Taxonomy

Hordeum vulgare | Six-rowed Barley | Eórna

Distribution

Status

Conservation status

Not protected

Native status

Neophyte

Species Biology

Habitat

Roadside, disturbed ground and ports

Life cycle

Annual

Ex-situ conservation

Seed accessions in the National Genebank, Backweston (bred/improved germplasm and traditional cultivar/landrace seed collected in 2008). Material held by the Irish Seed Savers Association.

Use

Food crop

Vegetative nature

Herbaceous

Distribution

World distribution(GBIF)

Temporal change

Records submitted to Data Centre in 2021

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Further information

This plant has a wide range of cultivation, from the arctic to the desert zones. Barley is a cool seasonal crop but it can tolerate high temperatures if the humidity is low. In order of importance barley produces animal feed, malts and human food. As in the case of wheat, barley was domesticated in the fertile crescent of southwestern Asia about 8000bc and then migrated into Europe, North Africa and Asia.

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