Taxonomy

Ilex aquifolium | Holly | Cuileann

Distribution

Status

Conservation status

Not protected

Native status

Native

Species Biology

Identification

Flowers: May – August; small waxy white flowers

Fruits: Bright red berry-like drupes

Twigs & bark: Evergreen; twigs green/grey; bark grey and smooth

Habitat

Woodland, hedgerows, rocky ground, especially acidic soils; often an undershrub in oak woodland

Life cycle

Perennial

Ex-situ conservation

Not known

Use

Christmas decoration

Vegetative nature

Woody

Distribution

World distribution(GBIF)

Irish distribution

Widespread and common, often planted

Temporal change

Records submitted to Data Centre in 2021

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Further information

Native to western and southern europe. Formed an understory layer in ancient Irish oak woodlands. The tree is dioecious (male and female flowers found on separate trees). The berries and leaves a very famiiar sight around christmas time in wreaths and decoration. Widespread and common, often planted

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