Taxonomy

Crataegus monogyna | Hawthorn | Sceach geal

Distribution

Status

Conservation status

Not protected

Native status

Native

Species Biology

Identification

Flowers: May - June; clusters of white or rarely pink flowers

Fruits: Red berries

Twigs & bark: Twigs grey, smooth with spines; bark grey/brown and fissured when mature

Habitat

Hedgerows and open woods and scrub in a wide range of soils.

Life cycle

Perennial

Ex-situ conservation

Not known

Use

Food crop

Vegetative nature

Woody

Distribution

World distribution(GBIF)

Irish distribution

Widespread and common, often planted.

Temporal change

Records submitted to Data Centre in 2020

The following map is interactive. If you would prefer to view it full screen then click here.

Further information

Traditionally used for hedge laying, providing an effective barrier to livestock. The berries (haws)are commonly made into jellies, jams, syrups and used to make wine. Haws are important for wildlife in winter, particularly thrushes and waxwings. It was believed to be a fairy tree and placing a sprig of hawthorn in the milking parlour would ensure the higher production of creamier milk.