Taxonomy

Ribes nigrum | Black Currant | Cuirín dubh

Distribution

Status

Conservation status

Not protected

Native status

Neophyte

Invasiveness

Invasive species - risk of Medium Impact

Irish status

Established

Introduction pathways - 1

Escape from Confinement

Introduction pathways subclass - 1

Horticulture

Invasive score

14

NAPRA Ireland risk assessed

No

Species Biology

Identification

Erect deciduous shrub , 1-2m tall, 5 lobed green leaves with shiny black berries (Booy et al., 2015).

Ecology

Outcompetes native vegetation (Booy et al., 2015), considered naturalised due to the long history of cultivation.

Habitat

Woodland, forest and other wooded land; Regularly or recently cultivated agricultural, horticultural or domestic habitat; Constructed, industrial or other artificial habitats, 

Life cycle

Perennial

Ex-situ conservation

Not known

Use

Food crop

Vegetative nature

Woody

Pathway and vector description

Imported into Britain in the 17th century from Holland (Preston et al., 2004), cultivated in Ireland and present prior to 1866 (Reynolds, 2002). Widely planted in gardens as a hedging plant and for berries.

Mechanism of impact

Competition

Broad environment

Terrestrial

Habitat description

Damp woodlands and riverbanks.

Species group

Plant

Native region

North America

Distribution

World distribution(GBIF)

Irish distribution

Established - Widespread, locally abundant, possibly under recorded.

Native distribution

Boreal species: native to parts of the northern temperate forests of the northern Hemisphere and widely naturalised elsewhere (Preston et al., 2004).

Temporal change

Date of first record category

Pre-1900

Fifty year date category

Unknown

Records submitted to Data Centre in 2020

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Further information

A widespread garden escape most likely bird-sown. A fruit crop native to central and northern Europe and northern Asia. Used in desserts and preserves.

References

Publications

Reynolds, S.C.P. (2002) A catalogue of alien plants in Ireland. National Botanic Gardens. Glasnevin, Dublin. Preston, C.D., Pearman, D. A. & Dines, T. D. (2002). New atlas of the British and Irish flora. An atlas of the vascular plants of Britain, Ireland, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands, Oxford University Press. Booy, O., Wade, M. & Roy, H. (2015) A Field Guide to Invasive Plants & Animals in Britain. Bloomsbury.

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