Taxonomy

Persicaria wallichii | Himalayan Knotweed | GlĂșineach spiceach

Pre 2017

2017 - 2020

Status

Conservation status

Not Assessed

Legal status

Third Schedule listed species under Regulations 49 & 50 in the European Communities (Birds and Natural Habitats) Regulations 2011. (Note: Regulation 50 not yet enacted). Listed as a schedule 9 species under Articles 15 & 15A of the Wildlife Order (Northern Ireland) 1985 (Article 15A not yet enacted).

First reported in the wild

1928

Invasiveness

Invasive species - risk of Medium Impact

Irish status

Established

Introduction pathways - 1

Escape from Confinement

Introduction pathways subclass - 1

Ornamental purpose

Invasive score

16

NAPRA Ireland risk assessed

No

Species Biology

Identification

Tall erect perennial herb, generally occurring in dense patches from 1.5-1.8m tall (Booy et al., 2015), though patches in Poland have been recorded up to 2.2m tall (Bacieczko et al., 2015). Leaves are lanceolate, 8-20cm long (though max 29.9cm in Poland (Bacieczko et al., 2015)), tapering to a point with red veins (Booy et al., 2015).

Ecology

Due to the formation of dense stands likely to exclude native vegetation but no studies to date on the mechanisms or level of impact.

Habitat

Woodland, forest and other wooded land; Constructed, industrial or other artificial habitats; Regularly or recently cultivated agricultural, horticultural or domestic habitat; Inland unvegetated or sparsely vegetated habitats; Grasslands and landscapes dominated by forbs, mosses or lichens

Reproduction

Spreads vegetatively when cut or from discarded waste and from sections of rhizome, forms dense stands by vegetative spread (Booy et al., 2015).

Pathway and vector description

Introduced as an ornamental plant in parks and gardens, invading the surrounding area by vegetative spread or through dumping of garden waste (Conolly, 1977).

Mechanism of impact

Competition

Broad environment

Terrestrial

Habitat description

Primarily found on waste ground, roadsides, railway lines and river banks (Reynolds, 2002).

Species group

Plant

Native region

Temperate Asia

Distribution

World distribution(GBIF)

Irish distribution

Established - Widespread, locally abundant. Possibly expanding but this may be an artefact of recording effort. Likely under recorded.

Native distribution

Native to the Himalayas (Preston et al., 2004).

Temporal change

Date of first record category

1921-1930

Fifty year date category

1901-1950

Records submitted to Data Centre in 2019

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How can you help

Report any sightings to the National Biodiversity Data Centre.

References

Publications

Conolly, A. P. (1977). The distribution and history in the British Isles of some alien species of Polygonum and Reynoutria. Watsonia, 11(4), 291-311. Reynolds, S.C.P. (2002) A catalogue of alien plants in Ireland. National Botanic Gardens. Glasnevin, Dublin. Preston, C.D., Pearman, D. A. & Dines, T. D. (2002). New atlas of the British and Irish flora. An atlas of the vascular plants of Britain, Ireland, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands, Oxford University Press. Stace, C. (1997). New Flora of the British Isles 2nd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Bacieczko, W., Borcz, A., & Kaszycka (2015). Ecological characteristics of Polygonum polystachyum population in North western Poland. Polish Journal of Natural Sciences, 30(1):35-46. Conolly, A. P. (1977). The distribution and history in the British Isles of some alien species of Polygonum and Reynoutria. Watsonia, 11(4), 291-311.

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