Flowers: April – May; catkins
Fruits: Small winged seeds
Twigs & bark: Twigs hairless with raised white glands; bark red/brown when young, white when mature
Stony lake shores, raised-bog margins and woods
Occasional, widely planted
Records submitted to Data Centre in 2021
The following map is interactive. If you would prefer to view it full screen then click here.
Forest crop. Used in Scandinavian countries to produce pulp and wood products. Planted in Ireland mostly for aesthetic purposes. The Silver Birch is Finland's national tree. Boughs of the tree (called vista)are sometimes used to beat tired muscles in the sauna.
Can be invasive on heathlands