Taxonomy

Betula pendula | Silver Birch | Beith gheal

Distribution

Status

Conservation status

Not protected

Native status

Native

Species Biology

Identification

Flowers: April – May; catkins

Fruits: Small winged seeds

Twigs & bark: Twigs hairless with raised white glands; bark red/brown when young, white when mature

Habitat

Stony lake shores, raised-bog margins and woods

Life cycle

Perennial

Ex-situ conservation

Not known

Use

Forest crop

Vegetative nature

Woody

Distribution

World distribution(GBIF)

Irish distribution

 Occasional, widely planted

Temporal change

Records submitted to Data Centre in 2021

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Further information

Forest crop. Used in Scandinavian countries to produce pulp and wood products. Planted in Ireland mostly for aesthetic purposes. The Silver Birch is Finland's national tree. Boughs of the tree (called vista)are sometimes used to beat tired muscles in the sauna.

Can be invasive on heathlands

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