Taxonomy

Betula pubescens | Downy Birch | Beith clúmhach

Distribution

Status

Conservation status

Not protected

Native status

Native

Species Biology

Identification

Flowers: April – May; catkins

Fruits: Small winged seeds

Twigs & bark: Twigs hairy with small brown glands; bark red/brown when young, grey/white when mature

Habitat

Acid woodland, scrub and roadsides, prefers acidic soils

Life cycle

Perennial

Ex-situ conservation

Not known

Use

Forest crop

Vegetative nature

Woody

Distribution

World distribution(GBIF)

Irish distribution

Widespread and common, widely planted

Temporal change

Records submitted to Data Centre in 2020

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Further information

Birch bark was traditionally used in the tanning of leather. The spring sap can be used in traditional beer making and is also used in dental products.

Birch is a colonising tree, used in ancient times for construction of bog walkways

Images