Betula pubescens | Downy Birch | Beith clúmhach
Flowers: April – May; catkins
Fruits: Small winged seeds
Twigs & bark: Twigs hairy with small brown glands; bark red/brown when young, grey/white when mature
Acid woodland, scrub and roadsides, prefers acidic soils
Widespread and common, widely planted
Records submitted to Data Centre in 2022
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Birch bark was traditionally used in the tanning of leather. The spring sap can be used in traditional beer making and is also used in dental products.
Birch is a colonising tree, used in ancient
times for construction of bog walkways