Flowers: February–April; catkins
Twigs & bark: Twigs hairy; bark pale brown, smooth
Woods, scrub, hedgerows, especially on limestone
Widespread and common, also widely planted
Records submitted to Data Centre in 2024
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Used for food, thatching & charcoal. Hazel rods were woven into panels for wattle and daub walls as early as 6000BC. The legendary Salmon of Knowledge ate 9 hazelnuts of poetic wisdom, each nut is said to have become a spot on the salmon's skin.
An understory tree in woods, but also dominant
in hazel scrub such as in the Burren. Often coppiced for basket weaving due to the
flexibility of the branches