Viola reichenbachiana | Early Dog-violet | Sailchuach luath



Conservation status

Legal status

Native status


First reported in the wild

NAPRA Ireland risk assessed

Species Biology


Note: Early Dog-violet is not common. Unless you are a recorder known to the Data Centre, records of this species should be accompanied by a photograph showing the spur.

  • Flowers from March to May
  • Solitary blue-violet flowers with five petals
  • The lower petal has a stout, blunt, straight spur that is darker than the petals and does not have a notch
  • The leaves are heart-shaped with toothed margins and are on long, slender stalks

Don’t confuse with the Common Dog-violet. In this species the spur at the back of the flower is paler than the petals and is notched at the tip. 

Preferred environment

Dry deciduous woods, hedgerows. Prefers shady calcareous ground

Adult habitat & habits




Flight period

Life stages


Life cycle

Food plants

Threats faced

Conservation actions

Nesting biology

Flowers visited

Ex-situ conservation


Vegetative nature

Irish reference specimens


Pathway and vector description

Management approach

Habitat description

Similar species


World distribution(GBIF)

Irish distribution

Distribution frequency in Ireland

Native distribution

Temporal change

Temporal change

Records submitted to Data Centre in 2022

The following map is interactive. If you would prefer to view it full screen then click here.

How can you help

This species is included in our spring flowering plants project. If you see the species please submit your sighting. All information is very valuable.

Full list of species included in the spring flowering plants project:

  1. Bluebell
  2. Common Dog-violet
  3. Cowslip
  4. Early Dog-violet
  5. Early-purple Orchid
  6. Lady’s smock (Cuckooflower)
  7. Lesser Celandine
  8. Lords-and Ladies
  9. Primrose
  10. Toothwort
  11. Wild Garlic
  12. Winter Heliotrope
  13. Wood Anemone
  14. Wood Sorrel
  15. Coltsfoot
  16. Three-cornered Garlic

Further information

This species is included in the spring flowering plants project which is a collaboration between the National Biodiversity Data Centre and the BSBI. It is hoped we can collect valuable data to improve our knowledge of the current distribution of some common plants. All data will be fully validated by both partners before loading to Biodiversity Maps and being made available to the BSBI.



Additional comments