Viola riviniana | Common Dog-violet | Fanaigse



Native status


Species Biology


  • Flowers from April to June
  • Solitary blue-violet flowers with five petals
  • The lower petal has a stout, blunt, curved pale spur which is notched at the tip
  • The leaves are dark-green and heart-shaped on long, slender stalks

Don’t confuse with the Early Dog-violet. In this species the spur at the back of the flower is darker than the petals and it does not have a notch.

Common Dog-violet is a larval food plant of the Dark Green Fritillary butterfly


Woodland, grassy banks, grassland, roadsides


World distribution(GBIF)

Temporal change

Records submitted to Data Centre in 2019

The following map is interactive. If you would prefer to view it full screen then click here.

How can you help

This species is included in our spring flowering plants project. If you see the species please submit your sighting. All information is very valuable.

Full list of species included in the spring flowering plants project:

  1. Bluebell
  2. Common Dog-violet
  3. Cowslip
  4. Early Dog-violet
  5. Early-purple Orchid
  6. Lady’s smock (Cuckooflower)
  7. Lesser Celandine
  8. Lords-and Ladies
  9. Primrose
  10. Toothwort
  11. Wild Garlic
  12. Winter Heliotrope
  13. Wood Anemone
  14. Wood Sorrel

Further information

This species is included in the spring flowering plants project which is a collaboration between the National Biodiversity Data Centre and the BSBI. It is hoped we can collect valuable data to improve our knowledge of the current distribution of some common plants. All data will be fully validated by both partners before loading to Biodiversity Maps and being made available to the BSBI.