Bombus (Bombus) terrestris

Pre 2017

2017 - 2020


Conservation status

Least concern

Species Biology


  • Queens have a buff or off-white tail, one orange/yellow band on the thorax, and another orange/yellow band on the abdomen
  • Males have a white tail, one orange/yellow band on the thorax, and another orange/yellow band on the abdomen. They are distinguished from B. lucorum males by the black hairs on their face (in B. lucorum they are yellow)
  • Bombus terrestris queens and males can be distinguished from Bombus lucorum, but the research has shown that the workers of B. terrestris and B. lucorum cannot be reliably separated by sight. Workers of either should be recorded as B. lucorum agg. (aggregate)


Common and found in a wide range of habitats, including parks and gardens.

Flight period


Nesting biology

Nests underground in cavities

Flowers visited

Polylectic - Ballota, Trifolium, Lamium, Vicia, Centaurea, Corydalis, Digitalis, Laburnum, Salix, Rubus, Prunus, Malus, Lavandula


World distribution(GBIF)

Palaearctic region

Temporal change

Records submitted to Data Centre in 2023

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Conservation status: FitzPatrick Ú., Murray T.E., Byrne A., Paxton R.J., Brown M.J.F. (2006) Regional Red List of Irish Bees, Publ. Rep. to National Parks and Wildlife Service (Ireland) and Environment and Heritage Service (N. Ireland).

Flowers visited & World distribution: Westrich, P. (1989) Die Wildbienen Baden-Württembergs. Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart, Germany.