Taxonomy

Coelioxys (Coelioxys) elongata

Distribution

Status

Conservation status

ENDANGERED

Species Biology

Identification

  • Medium-large sized solitary species (10-15mm)
  • Cleptoparasite - breeds in nests of Megachile species
  • Abdomen is black with pale hair bands and is extremely pointed at the tip in females
  • Abdomen is less pointed in males, which have hairier faces
  • Can be confused with Coelioxys inermis

Habitat

Rare. Most often recorded from coastal sites where Megachile is present, but precise habitat associations unclear.

Flight period

June-September

Nesting biology

This species is a cleptoparasite of Megachile willughbiella and M. circumcincta

Flowers visited

Polylectic - Lotus, Trifolium, Knautia, Jasione, Echium, Epilobium, Leontodon, Solidago

Distribution

World distribution(GBIF)

All of Europe, up to southern Finland, including Britain and Ireland

Temporal change

Records submitted to Data Centre in 2019

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References

Publications

Conservation status: FitzPatrick Ú., Murray T.E., Byrne A., Paxton R.J., Brown M.J.F. (2006) Regional Red List of Irish Bees, Publ. Rep. to National Parks and Wildlife Service (Ireland) and Environment and Heritage Service (N. Ireland). http://www.npws.ie/publications/red-lists

Flowers visited & World distribution: Westrich, P. (1989) Die Wildbienen Baden-Württembergs. Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart, Germany.

Images