Adalia decempunctata | 10-spot Ladybird



Conservation status

Not assessed

Legal status

Not protected

Species Biology


Adult: 3.5mm to 4.5mm in length. Body is typically red with 10 black spots, but both the colour and pattern of the body can be very variable.  The pronotum is white with distinctive, but variable, black wedge-shaped markings. Legs are pale brown. 

Larvae: it is a similar pattern to the 2-spot but the overall colour is paler and it is more slender.  However, this is difficult to see without experience.  

Adult habitat & habits

It is associated with deciduous woodland edge and hedgerows


Feeds on aphids

Similar species

Adults can be confused with 2-spot, Harlequin and kidney-spot ladybirds. Can best be separated from the two latter species by checking that it doesn't have a 'rim' around the edge of the elytra.


World distribution(GBIF)

It occurs across Continental Europe eastward to the Urals, south-east to the Caucasus and to Transcaucasia Western Asia, and south to North Africa.   It is common in Britain, but less widespread in Scotland.

Irish distribution

Appears to be widespread and common across the island of Ireland

Temporal change

Records submitted to Data Centre in 2023

The following map is interactive. If you would prefer to view it full screen then click here.

How can you help

Please submit any sightings of this species to Ladybird Survey



Roy, H., Brown, P., Frost, R. & Poland, R. 2011. Ladybirds (Cocciinellidae) of Britain & Ireland. Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, U.K. 

Roy, H.E., Brown, M.J., Comont, R.F., Poland, R.L. & Sloggett, J.J. 2013.  Ladybirds. Naturalists' Handbook No. 10 (2nd Edition). Pelagic Publishing, UK. 

10-spot ladybird species account on the Ladybirds of Ireland website

10-spot ladybird species account on the UK Ladybird Survey website