Taxonomy

Orthetrum cancellatum | Black-tailed Skimmer | Scimire Earrdhubh

Distribution

Status

Conservation status

A spread into eastern counties has been evident in recent decades, though is still absent from Northern Ireland and the south west.

Native status

Native

Species Biology

Identification

Length: 5cm

Wingspan: 7.7cm

Both sexes are yellow when they’re immature and have a black wing-spot and yellow costa. Mature males have a powder blue abdomen with a black tip and yellow lateral spots either side. They also have very dark green eyes and a grey thorax. Immature males look very similar to mature females, they are both all bright yellow with two black stripes running down the abdomen although the female turns a greyish-brown with age.

Females have a yellowish abdomen with two longitudinal black lines on the dorsal surface, and yellow-tinted wings.

Adult habitat & habits

They like to fly quite low to the ground and water surface, hence their name “skimmer”. Males are territorial and very aggressive, holding a bank-side length of up to 50m. Males also like to rest on open, bare and sunny surfaces close to the water. Females like to feed away from water, in open fields or hedgerows. The male guards the female when she deposits her eggs into the water.

Habitat

Main populations are found in shallow, lowland lakes with bare, rocky, limestone shores. Also found at natural ponds, sand dunes, coastal lagoons and extraction pits.

Flight period

May to August (occasionally April and/or September)

Distribution

World distribution(GBIF)

Irish distribution

Majority of recordings are from the west or midlands and some coastal areas. Common in mid west, local but increasing in east. Almost completely absent from the north and south/south west.

Temporal change

Records submitted to Data Centre in 2021

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