Taxonomy

Eriozona syrphoides

Distribution

Species Biology

Preferred environment

Forest; mature Picea/Abies forest and plantations. E. syrphoides is dependent upon aphids associated with conifer plantations in Ireland. It is a striking looking species, and unlikely to have been long overlooked prior to its first recorded occurrence (Speight, 1998). It occurs with a narrower range of conifers than E.erratica, being primarily an Abies/Picea insect. But the planting of Picea species is widespread in commercial forestry plantations here, and, as these plantations mature, it might be expected that E. syrphoides would become more frequent. The fact that it is recorded from both counties Cork and Dublin indicates it must have already reached widely scattered localities in the island.

Adult habitat & habits

Largely arboreal, descending usually to understorey trees and shrubs in flower, to feed.

Flight period

May/October, with peaks at end May/mid June and end August/beginning September. Larva: arboreal, known to feed on aphids on Picea (Kula, 1983). Figured in colour and distinguished from larvae of related genera and from the larva of E. erratica, in the keys of Rotheray (1994).

Flowers visited

White umbellifers; Centaurea, Cirsium, Crataegus, Epilobium, Hypericum, Ranunculus, Sambucus nigra, Sorbus aucuparia, Succisa, Valeriana.

Irish reference specimens

In the collections of NMI

Determination

van der Goot (1981), Bradescu (1991); Haarto and Kerppola (2007a), Bartsch et al (2009a). The male terminalia are figured by Vockeroth (1969). The adult insect is illustrated in colour by Haarto and Kerppola (2007a), Bartsch et al (2009a) and Torp (1994).

Distribution

World distribution(GBIF)

Southern Norway, Sweden and Finland south to France (Vosges, Alps, Pyrenees), from Ireland eastwards through central Europe (and northern Italy: Aosta) into European parts of Russia and on through Siberia to the Pacific coast.  E. syrphoides occurs widely, and not infrequently, in central Europe and its range extends beyond Europe through Asiatic parts of the Palaearctic region to the Pacific. However, E. syrphoides does not seem to occur in the Nearctic.

Irish distribution

Added to the Irish list by Speight (1998). Given that E. syrphoides may well have arrived in Ireland only recently, the few Irish records cannot be regarded as indicating that the species is under threat in Ireland. From the fact that E. syrphoides is known from two such widely separated parts of Ireland it can be concluded that it has successfully established itself here. 

Temporal change

Records submitted to Data Centre in 2021

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References

Publications

Speight, M. C. D. (2008) Database of Irish Syrphidae (Diptera). Irish Wildlife Manuals, No. 36. National Parks and Wildlife Service. Department of Environment, Heritage and Local Government, Dublin, Ireland.

Speight, M.C.D. (2014) Species accounts of European Syrphidae (Diptera), 2014. Syrph the Net, the database of European Syrphidae, vol. 78, 321 pp., Syrph the Net publications, Dublin.

Images