Taxonomy

Neoascia geniculata

Distribution

Species Biology

Preferred environment

Wetland; by pools, streams, springs and flushes in acid fen, calcareous fen and aapa mire and round the edge of raised bog. In Ireland, as elsewhere, N. geniculata is almost exclusively an ologotrophic wetland insect. Here it is associated primarily with fen conditions, including poor/acid fen. Northern European mires are probably more the habitat of N. geniculata. This insect seems distinctly anthropophobic - it does not normally occur within the farmed landscape, in suburbia or in association with forestry.

Adult habitat & habits

Flies low among fen vegetation and is as easy to detect by sweeping as by direct observation.

Flight period

May/September, with most records from May and mid-July/mid-August. Larva: larva and puparium apparently described and figured by Lundbeck (1916), but redescription is required, in comparison with the developmental stages of other Neoascia species.

Flowers visited

White umbellifers, Alisma plantago-aquatica, Baldellia ranunculoides, Caltha palustris, Potentilla erecta, Ranunculus.

Irish reference specimens

In the collections of NMI and UM

Determination

Barkemeyer & Claussen (1986), van der Goot (1981), who figure the male terminalia. N. geniculata is indistinguishable from N. tenur in the field and often found in flight with that species. The species is illustrated in colour by Bartsch et al (2009b) andTorp (1994).

Distribution

World distribution(GBIF)

From northern Fennoscandia south to central France; from Ireland eastwards through northern and mountainous parts of central Europe; into Russia to eastern Siberia. Although it ranges widely through northern Europe into Siberia, further south it becomes scarce, and is almost unknown south of the Ardennes. It is extremely infrequent in central Europe, including the Alps.

Irish distribution

Recorded as occurring in Ireland in Coe (1953). There are few recent records of this species in Ireland, which appears to be declining, presumably as a consequence of habitat loss. It is not, as yet, sufficiently localised that it warrants categorisation as threatened. But it probably should be regarded as vulnerable. 

Temporal change

Records submitted to Data Centre in 2022

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References

Publications

Speight, M. C. D. (2008) Database of Irish Syrphidae (Diptera). Irish Wildlife Manuals, No. 36. National Parks and Wildlife Service. Department of Environment, Heritage and Local Government, Dublin, Ireland.

Speight, M.C.D. (2014) Species accounts of European Syrphidae (Diptera), 2014. Syrph the Net, the database of European Syrphidae, vol. 78, 321 pp., Syrph the Net publications, Dublin.

Images